What are the Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

Everyone is aware of the existence of common sexually transmitted diseases. (The abbreviation is STD). However, most people try to ignore the consequences of unsafe sex. Now, we try to raise awareness of the possible outcomes that may follow a sexual encounter with someone who you don’t know for long enough.

One of the most frequently occurring STD is Chlamydia, which plays a significant role in the development of infertility.

Chlamydia differs from other bacteria. It’s replicating in cells like viruses. Therefore the detection is more difficult. A Chlamydia test has pivotal importance. Patients often experience minimal symptoms, while progressive inflammation occurs on the cervix, in the uterine cavity, and also in the uterine tube.

Most gynecologists recommend having a Chlamydia test every year for women who regularly change partners or have more than one sexual partner at a time. It is easy to pass on the infection to the sexual partner due to a lack of symptoms. However, regular testing can prevent serious consequences. A test can detect Chlamydia infection.

What are the consequences of Chlamydia infection?

The consequences of a Chlamydia infection can be very severe. Even mild ovarian inflammation can lead to ovarian obstruction and infertility. Also, Chlamydia may cause acute pelvic inflammation, which may include yellowish, purulent discharge, lower abdominal pain, and fever. In more severe cases, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease can develop. In this case, the infection may cause serious damage to the ovaries.

What types of STDs are causing severe symptoms?

Unfortunately, Gonorrhea, which may resemble Chlamydia in its symptoms, can also cause serious problems. This infection also produces a yellowish discharge. The complications may include pelvic inflammation.

Although HPV (Human Papillomavirus) does not cause severe inflammation, it also has paramount importance as certain strains of HPV are responsible for the development of cervical cancer. The most suitable screening method is the combination of HPV and cervical cancer screening. If the HPV virulent strains are not present, the chance of developing cervical cancer is very low.

HPV is a sexually transmitted infection, but you do not surely catch it from the partner who carries the disease. There are several factors behind whether we are getting the infection or not. For example, this virus is more virulent in the summer than in the winter. The reason for this is maybe that after the skin exposed to sunburn, the immune system is weaker than before.

What are sexually transmitted diseases?

Trichomoniasis is also an STD that responds well to antibiotics. Trich can cause a greenish discharge.

Also, we have to mention Syphilis, which, fortunately, does not occur too often.

If someone is infected with Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV), the virus will, unfortunately, remain in the body throughout our lives.

Genital herpes is caused by the same virus as herpes on the lips. The difference is that another strain infects the vaginal area. In the case of primary infection, the complaints are serious: burning, painful urination, blisters, and ulcers are causing severe pain.

Herpes can recur again and again as the body carries the virus itself. Fortunately, recurrent infections tend to cause fewer complaints. In the case of herpes, antiviral agents can reduce the symptoms.

Is it necessary to test the sex partner?

For all sexually transmitted diseases, partner screening and treatment are also necessary.

HPV is the only exception because it rarely causes symptoms to men. They only have to do tests if they have complaints. This virus is responsible not only for the development of cervical cancer but also for papillomas and warts in genital areas, which can cause symptoms in both sexes.

How to treat sexually transmitted diseases?

Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Trich are treated with antibiotics, but unfortunately, there is no medicine for treating HPV. But there is prevention.

There are currently two types of vaccines available. The shots need to be given before starting sexual life. The reason for it is if someone has become sexually active, she may already have an HPV infection, and the vaccine may be less effective. Although vaccines protect against two to four strains, the patient may be infected with another strain. In such cases, of course, still worthwhile to administer the vaccine as it will at least protect against other strains.


Overall, the importance of prevention and proper treatment cannot be overemphasized. STD tests can eliminate the development of unpleasant symptoms or even a more severe disease.