Uterine fibroids (myoma, uterine tumor, leiomyoma) is a common, benign tumor. 20-50% of women of childbearing age develop fibroids of the smooth muscle of the uterus. Most cases occur between 40-50 years of age. It can grow from a few millimeters to a human head. Uterine fibroids are leiomyomas of the uterine smooth muscle.
8-10% of Uterine fibroids patients are symptoms free. If the patient has no symptoms, regular gynecological and ultrasound monitoring and measurement are sufficient. No treatment is necessary. After menopause, fibroids shrink.
Some of the complaints are due to hormonal imbalance causing leiomyoma of the uterus:
- Prolonged menstrual period
- Painful menstruation
- Increased breast tension as the period approaches
- Repeated abortions or infertility
Uterine fibroids other symptoms
Symptoms are due to the space narrowing process:
- abdominal pain
- bowel complaints
- frequent urination
- lower back pain
- bleeding between periods
- irregular periods
- menstruation with excessive intensity or time
- recurrent urinary tract infections
- premature birth
Uterine Fibroids Treatment
Fibroids should only be surgically removed if they cause problems with the size, location, or rapid growth. Regular monitoring is also necessary in this case.
If the size of the fibroids is small, they do not require any treatment. In many cases, it is sufficient to check the development of the tumor every six months. If the fibroids don’t grow any further, treatment is usually unnecessary. The fibroids only rarely turn into malignant tumors.
Surgery is used to resolve cases that cause complaints. One way to remove it is by laparoscopy. The most common surgical operation is the removal of the uterus during abdominal or vaginal surgery.
After the removal of the uterus, fibroids won’t be recurring. If retention of the ability to conceive is the primary goal, the aim is to remove the fibroids without removing the womb. After hormonal pretreatment, the surgery can be made more accessible and safer. If the uterus remains, the chance for fertility is also good.
The uterine fibroids can be cured even in extreme cases. Unfortunately, medical practitioners can’t save fertility in many cases.
Related: 3 Symptoms to See a Gynecologist Now
The treatment of uterine fibroids is possible without surgery
Innovative oral medications are available in pharmacies to treat mild and severe symptoms of fibroids. The drug is well-tolerated, with few side effects. It provides an effective treatment for people with uterine fibroids.
A growth regulator tablet is available that acts on the progesterone receptors in fibroid muscle cells. Due to the inhibition of progesterone, the cells of the fibroids do not divide; they do not grow but gradually shrink.
The size of the tumor decreases
It can even shrink to half in three months.
Another advantage of this medicine is that it can stop the bleeding entirely within ten days. It also reduces anemia when used continuously. The patients continually have to take medication for three months. One tablet daily. After six to nine months, it will create more favorable conditions for any surgery you may need.
The use of this preparation dramatically contributes to improving the quality of life of people with leiomyoma of the uterus. With the use of innovative medicine, it is possible to treat the fibroids without surgery and to shorten the treatment time.
- Uterine fibroids | Mayo Clinic | https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/uterine-fibroids/symptoms-causes/syc-20354288