Sexually Transmitted Diseases are common. There are many millions of people who carry the infection of an STD.
Therefore, we recommend having regular tests.
As practical as present-day contraception methods are, they protect you from only one kind of risk: the unwanted pregnancy. But, unplanned parenthood is not the only risk that comes with feckless and unprotected sex. Practicing sex without protection with multiple sexual partners also puts you at a high risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases.
Condoms are still the only known and proven birth control method that protects against sexually transmitted infections and STD.
STI vs. STD
What is the difference between sexually transmitted infections (STI) and sexually transmitted diseases (STD)?
When you contract any virus or bacteria, you have got infected by them. However, you can get infected and not developing the symptoms, not feel sick. In this case, you’re infected and yet contagious and carry the potential of the disease. When the signs of the disease onset, feel sick, then you’ve got the disease from the infection. I hope it’s clear now.
Sexual health information is priceless in keeping yourself free of diseases.
What are the Sexually Transmitted Diseases?
- Bacterial Vaginosis
- Hepatitis A, B, and C
- Herpes Simplex (HSV)
- Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
- Parasites (lice, scabies)
These are the infections that you can catch having unsafe and unprotected sex with an infected partner.
Contrary to popular belief, STD is not only transmitted via vaginal sex.
Anal and oral sex are also potent ways of spreading these viruses and bacteria. Exchanged bodily fluids like saliva, vaginal fluids, and semen during intercourse and oral sex transmit viruses and bacteria that onset these diseases and symptoms.
Sharing needles with other people is also a common cause of the spread of STDs. Blood is the most potent transmitter of these bacteria and viruses, especially if it finds its way into open lesions or sores.
What are the types of Sexually Transmitted Diseases?
Generally, there are two categories of STDs – curable and non-curable. Bacteria caused STDs are treated with antibiotics. Treatments are often lengthy procedures that can take months or even years. Otherwise, getting infected with STDs lowers one’s defenses against future infections.
Non-treatable STDs are viral infections like genital herpes, Hepatitis B, genital warts, and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV that progress over time and develop complications. Most are lifelong conditions.
Some STD can cause death.
Treatments and therapies are often administered not to treat the infections but for minimizing the symptoms and fortifying the body’s resistance against complications.
What are the symptoms of STD?
Symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases may vary among individuals and the seriousness of the infection. However, some of the frequent symptoms include:
- burning pain while urinating
- foul penile discharge
- the offensive smell in vaginal discharge
- pain during sex and around the lower abdomen
- blisters, sores, lesions, and rashes in the mouth
- painful blisters and rashes in the genital areas or anus
If one observes any, a combination, or all of the symptoms mentioned above, seek immediate medical attention.
Key STD Facts
As a controversial subject, there are plenty of misconceptions and wrong believes about STDs that can potentially cause more trouble.
The Truth About STD
A person can contact more than one Sexually Transmitted Disease at a time. An STD does not make a person immune from other sexually transmitted infections or the same infection. In some cases, having STD can make a person more prone to contacting more diseases or having complications or relapse.
STD does not discriminate. Sexually transmitted diseases can infect anyone from an adolescent to aging. All it takes is one irresponsible sexual encounter.
Reference: “What are STDs?” CDC https://www.cdc.gov/std/general/default.htm