PMS is a combination of symptoms that many women get about a week before their period. Most women, over 90%, say they get some premenstrual symptoms, such as bloating, headaches, and moodiness . The cause for the mood swings is Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS).
Family members, friends, and colleagues found that most women are more impatient, carping, short-tempered, or more worn out and withdrawn in the week or two before menstruation than otherwise. In other words, they change their general nature, mainly for the worse.
What is PMS?
Generally, premenstrual syndrome is a problem for women around 30 years of age. It begins 5-8 days before menstruation. First of all, irritability increases, as mentioned above, the affected women – about 90 percent of the female population – become impatient, dissatisfied with everything, and quickly snapped.
Home quarrels and workplace conflicts are also increasing significantly, which can also be associated with a deterioration in performance.
Those with psychiatric disorders – mainly depression, anxiety disorder, or other serious illnesses – all tend to intensify or recur in the days before menstruation. This is especially true for mood disorders and depression . Then the depression dominates the PMS symptoms, with all its dangers.
What causes premenstrual syndrome?
Multiple factors contribute to the development of premenstrual syndrome:
- Hormonal changes
- Chemical changes in the brain
PMS physical symptoms:
- breast tenderness
- abdominal bloating
- acne flare-up
Water balance, eating, and drinking habits are changing.
Mainly due to increased food and drink intake, the body weight can also suddenly increase (due to weight gain and even more significant fluid retention) – even 2-4 kilograms in a short few days.
Food cravings before menses
Food cravings and hunger attacks can torture women, especially in the form of high-calorie foods, sweets, chocolate, and pastries.
Sleep quality may deteriorate. Sleepiness and fatigue may persist. But it is also common for not to able to sleep during the night. It is only turning and tossing. The lack of sleep will only worsen the next day’s irritability.
It also true that women with psychiatric illness need treatment much more frequently in the days before menstruation than at other times.
Treatment is available, although it requires complex therapy.
What helps to relieve PMS?
Antidepressants and supplements have a beneficial effect by eliminating premenstrual syndrome symptoms and mood swings. Also, when the menstrual period is due, reduce the consumption of coffee, do exercise, and try to avoid stress. For the abdominal cramps, you may take antispasmodic pills such as Papaverine and Aspirin or Ibuprofen. The natural alternative for spasm relieve is Peppermint oil or tea. For water retention, your doctor may prescribe diuretic pills.
Taking calcium supplement, vitamin B6, and vitamin D help women to ease PMS symptoms.
Related: 3 Symptoms to See a Gynecologist Now
- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) | womenshealth.gov | https://www.womenshealth.gov/menstrual-cycle/premenstrual-syndrome
- Depression in Women: 5 Things You Should Know | NIH | https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression-in-women/index.shtml